It's hard to imagine a world without chickens. Thankfully, we don't have to. Have you ever wondered about the history of the chicken? They don't really look like other birds, and they can't fly long distances, but it seems to us that they have always been around. Here are a few facts about how the chicken we know today came to be.
According to the Pennsylvania State University extension website, the chicken belongs to the genus Gallus of the family Phasianidae. Gallus domesticus is the classification of the domestic chicken. Its ancestry can be traced back to wild jungle fowl from Southeast Asia; specifically, the Red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus or Gallus bankiva). It is believed that chickens were first domesticated at least as early as 2000 B.C. The chicken of today came to be after many centuries of careful selection and breeding.
Introduction to the United States
The Smithsonian website states that archeologists believe that the domesticated chicken was first brought to the New World by Polynesians who reached South America a century or so before the arrival of Christopher Columbus. Valued particularly as a source of eggs, they played a minor role in the American diet until well into the 20th century. The breakthrough that turned chicken production from a casual enterprise to the broiler industry of today, came with the fortification of feed with vitamins and antibiotics.
Some of the most popular breeds of chicken in the US include the Plymouth Rock, Rhode Island Red, Ameraucana, Orpington, and the Golden Laced Wyandotte. All of these are egg-laying breeds.
Urban Chicken Farming
In rural areas of the country, raising chickens has always been a common source of fresh eggs and meat. The backyard chicken craze that is so popular in urban centers today, began as more people want to take part in home-grown agriculture, the local-food movement and the desire for really fresh eggs. Grassroots movements have successfully lobbied to overturn city ordinances that outlaw backyard poultry farming. Because there is worry about noise, odor, and public health, some cities have adopted a limit as to how many chickens can be kept per household.
The backyard chicken farm is here to stay because not only do chickens provide a prized commodity, they also make wonderful pets. So, add to the urban craze, and don't forget to treat those backyard chicken pets right by supplementing diets with Popworms! Eco and Popworms! Pro today!